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NCYC 502

Rhodotorula graminis

Pre 2011 Name Rhodotorula graminis

Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 32768, CBS 2826, CCRC 22584, DBVPG 7021, JCM 3775, IGC 4842, MUCL 30431, NRRL Y-2474.

Depositor M.E. di Menna

Deposit Date August 1957

Habitat Blades of summer pasture grasses, North Island, New Zealand.

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Rhodotorula graminis

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

Glucose +
Galactose +
Sorbose Unknown
Sucrose +
Maltose -
Cellobiose Unknown
Trehalose Unknown
Lactose -
Melibiose -
Raffinose +
Melizitose -
Inulin Unknown
Soluble Starch Unknown
Xylose Unknown
L Arabinose Unknown
D Arabinose Unknown
Ribose Unknown
Rhamnose Unknown
Ethanol Unknown
Glycerol Unknown
Erythritol Unknown
Ribitol Unknown
Galactitol Unknown
Mannitol Unknown
Sorbitol Unknown
A M D Glucoside Unknown
Salicin Unknown
Lactic Acid Unknown
Succinic Acid Unknown
Citric Acid Unknown
Inositol Unknown
Gluconolactone Unknown
Glucosamine Unknown
Methanol Unknown
Xylitol Unknown

Strain Information

Type Strain
Information produces lipophilic polysaccharide emulsifiers (Biotechnology '94).
Depositor M.E. di Menna
Deposit Name Rhodotorula graminis
Month of deposit August
Deposit Year 1957
Habitat Blades of summer pasture grasses, North Island, New Zealand.
Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 32768, CBS 2826, CCRC 22584, DBVPG 7021, JCM 3775, IGC 4842, MUCL 30431, NRRL Y-2474.
Reference di Menna, J.Gen.Microbiol. 18: 269-272, 1958 & J.Agric.Res. 2: 394, 1959.
Aono, System.Appl.Microbiol. 13: 394-397, 1990 (alkali tolerance).
Sampaio, Can.J.Microbiol. 45: 491-512, 1999 (aromatic compounds).
Vancanneyt et al., J.Gen.Appl.Microbiol. 38: 363-377, 1992 (GC,CoQ,protein).
Kurtzman & Fell, Mycologia 83: 107-110, 1991 (DNA).
Sugiyama et al., J.Gen.Appl.Microbiol. 31: 519-550, 1985 (GC,CoQ).
Perrier et al., Arch.Microbiol. 164: 173-179, 1995 (fatty acids,carotenoids).
Biotechnology '94: 2nd Conference on Advances in Biochemical Engineering. Rugby, Warwickshire, UK: Institution of Chemical Engineers; 1994, pp. 115-117.
Fell JW, et al. Biodiversity and systematics of basidiomycetous yeasts as determined by large-subunit rDNA D1/D2 domain sequence analysis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50: 1351-1371, 2000.
Hamamoto M , Nakase T. Phylogenetic analysis of the ballistoconidium-forming yeast genus Sporobolomyces based on 18S rDNA sequences. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50: 1373-1380, 2000.

Physical Characteristics

Optimum Temperature Unknown
Miniumum Temperature Unknown
Maximum Temperature Unknown

Cells

Shape Round-oval
Min Broth Breadth (µm) 2
Max Broth Breadth (µm) 5
Min Broth Length (µm) 4
Max Broth Length (µm) 8
Min Agar Breadth (µm) 2
Max Agar Breadth (µm) 4
Min Agar Length (µm) 2
Max Agar Length (µm) 11
Arrangement Unknown
Colour on Agar Pink
Surface on Agar Shiny
Texture on Agar Glutinous
Deposit in Broth Non-Flocculent
Ring in Broth Incomplete
Ring Colour Pink
Pellicle in Broth Absent
Pellicle Appearance N/A
Pellicle Habit N/A

Cell Division

Budding Multipolar
Fission Absent

Filamentous Growth

Pseudomycelium Absent
Pseudomycelium Branch N/A
Pseudomycelium Form N/A
Blastospores Absent
Blastospore Shape N/A
Blastospore Location N/A
Blastospore Habit N/A
True Mycelium Absent
Clamp Connections Absent

Asexual Spores

Ballistospores Absent
Arthrospores Absent
Endospores Absent
Chlamydospores Absent

Sexual Spores

Ascospores Absent
Ascospore Shape N/A
Ascospore Wall N/A
Ascospore No Per Ascus N/A
Ascus Shape N/A
Conjugation Absent
Teliospores Absent
Teliospore Shape Unknown

Miscellaneous

Assay No
Salt Tolerant Unknown
Killer Unknown
Plasmid No

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

Glucose -
Galactose -
Sucrose -
Maltose -
Cellobiose -
Trehalose -
Lactose -
Melibiose -
Raffinose -
Melizitose -
Inulin -
Soluble Starch -
Xylose Unknown
A M D Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

NH4 2SO4 Unknown
KNO3 +
Ethylamine Unknown
Cadaverine Unknown
Lysine Unknown

Other

Vitamin Free Growth +
Cyclohex 100ppm Unknown
Cyclohex 1000ppm Unknown
50% Glucose Growth Unknown
60% Glucose Growth Unknown
Lipolytic +
Acid Production Unknown
37c Growth Unknown
40c Growth Unknown
Arbutin Hydrolysis +
Urease Activity Unknown
Starch Production -
Acid Tolerant Unknown