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NCYC 614

Pachysolen tannophilus

Pre 2011 Name Pachysolen tannophilus

Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 32691, CBS 4044, CCRC 20329, DBVPG 6666, IMI 344640, MUCL 31901, NRRL Y-2460

Depositor CBS

Deposit Date April 1960

Habitat Extracts of concentrated tanning fluid from Castanea vesca (Chestnut), Germany.

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Pachysolen tannophilus

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

Glucose +
Galactose Weak/Latent
Sorbose Unknown
Sucrose -
Maltose -
Cellobiose +
Trehalose -
Lactose -
Melibiose -
Raffinose -
Melizitose -
Inulin Unknown
Soluble Starch Unknown
Xylose Unknown
L Arabinose Unknown
D Arabinose Unknown
Ribose Unknown
Rhamnose Unknown
Ethanol Unknown
Glycerol +
Erythritol -
Ribitol Unknown
Galactitol Unknown
Mannitol +
Sorbitol Unknown
A M D Glucoside Unknown
Salicin Unknown
Lactic Acid Unknown
Succinic Acid Unknown
Citric Acid Unknown
Inositol -
Gluconolactone Unknown
Glucosamine Unknown
Methanol -
Xylitol Unknown

Strain Information

Type Strain
Information Degrades cellulose. (Detroy RW , 1992).
Degrades hemicellulose. (Detroy RW , 1992).
Ferments D-galactose. (Maleszka R, 1982).
Ferments glycerol [glycerine]. (Maleszka R, 1982).
Ferments xylose [D-xylose] . Kurtzman CP , et al, 1982; Jeffries TW , 1987; Schneider H , et al, 1981; Maleszka R, 1981; Ohno N , 1986; Kurtzman CP, 1983; Slininger P, 1982).
Produces D-xylulose reductase [xylitol dehydrogenase]. (Bolen PL, 1985; Ditzelmuller G, 1984; Bolen PL, 1986; Rokem JS , Zomer E, 1982).
Produces alcohol dehydrogenase. (Bolen PL , 1986).
Produces aldehyde reductase [xylose reductase]. (Bolen PL , 1985; Bolen PL , 1986).
Produces ethyl alcohol [ethanol] .(Kurtzman CP, 1982; Jeffries TW, 1987; Mahmourides G, 1985; Maleszka R, 1982; Schneider H, 1981; Maleszka R, 1981; Kurtzman C , 1983; Slininger PJ , et al, 1982; Detroy RW, 1982).
Produces riboflavin [vitamin B2] .(Vanetti MC , 1992)
Production of ethanol, US Patent 4,359,534.
Enhanced ethanol tolerance (Kavanagh K, 1994).
Trehalase activity (Soto T, 1996).
Depositor CBS
Deposit Name Pachysolen tannophilus
Month of deposit April
Deposit Year 1960
Habitat Extracts of concentrated tanning fluid from Castanea vesca (Chestnut), Germany.
Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 32691, CBS 4044, CCRC 20329, DBVPG 6666, IMI 344640, MUCL 31901, NRRL Y-2460
Reference Bolen PL , Detroy RW . Induction of NADPH-linked D-xylose reductase and NAD-linked xylitol dehydrogenase activities in Pachysolen tannophilus by D-xylose, L-arabinose, or D-galactose. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 26: 302-307, 1985.
Ditzelmuller G , et al.. Xylitol dehydrogenase from Pachysolen tannophilus. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 25: 195-198, 1984.
Bolen PL , et al.. Affinity purifications of aldose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase from the xylose-fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52: 660-664, 1986.
Rokem JS , Zomer E . Scale up of the production of xylitol dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase from Pachysolen tannophilus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 26: 231-233, 1987.
Kurtzman CP , et al.. Conversion of D-xylose to ethanol by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. US Patent 4,359,534 dated Nov 16 1982
Jeffries TW . Process for enhanced fermentation of xylose to ethanol. US Patent 4,663,284 dated May 5 1987
Mahmourides G , et al.. Ethanol accumulation in cultures of Pachysolen tannophilus on D-xylose is associated with a transition to a state of low oxygen consumption. Bio-Technology 3: 59-62, 1985.
Boidin J , Adzet JM . Deux curieuses levures isolees d'extraits tannants d'origine vegetale: Pachysolen (nov. gen.) tannophilus nov. sp. et P. pelliculatus nov. sp.. Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 73: 331, 1957.
Kavanagh K , Whittaker PA . Application of the Melle-Boinot process to the fermentation of xylose by Pachysolen tannophilus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 42: 28-31, 1994.
Vanetti MC , Aquarone E . Riboflavin excretion by Pachysolen tannophilus grown in synthetic medium supplemented with D-xylose. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 8: 190-191, 1992.
Soto T , et al. Posttranslational regulatory control of trehalase induced by nutrients, metabolic inhibitors, and physical agents in Pachysolen tannophilus. Fungal Genet. Biol. 20: 143-151, 1996.
Maleszka R , et al.. Ethanol production from D-galactose and glycerol by Pachysolen tannophilus. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 4: 349-352, 1982.
Schneider H , et al.. Conversion of D-xylose into ethanol by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Lett. 3: 89-92, 1981.
Maleszka R , et al.. Enhanced rate of ethanol production from D-xylose using recycled or immobilized cells of Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Lett. 3: 415-420, 1981.
Ohno N , et al.. Purification and properties of an exo(1>3)-beta-D-glucanase from the culture filtrate of Mucor hiemalis. Carbohydr. Res. 158: 217-226, 1986.
Kurtzman CP . Biology and physiology of the D-xylose fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Adv. Biochem. Eng. Biotechnol. 27: 73-83, 1983.
Slininger PJ , et al. Conversion of D-xylose to ethanol by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 24: 371-384, 1982.
Detroy RW , et al. Bioconversion of wheat straw cellulose/ hemicellulose to ethanol by Saccharomyces uvarum and Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 24: 1105-1113, 1982.

Physical Characteristics

Optimum Temperature Unknown
Miniumum Temperature Unknown
Maximum Temperature Unknown

Cells

Shape Round-oval
Min Broth Breadth (µm) 4
Max Broth Breadth (µm) 6
Min Broth Length (µm) 4
Max Broth Length (µm) 7
Min Agar Breadth (µm) 3
Max Agar Breadth (µm) 4
Min Agar Length (µm) 3
Max Agar Length (µm) 7
Arrangement Pairs
Colour on Agar Cream
Surface on Agar Shiny
Texture on Agar Smooth
Deposit in Broth Non-Flocculent
Ring in Broth Absent
Ring Colour Unknown
Pellicle in Broth Absent
Pellicle Appearance N/A
Pellicle Habit N/A

Cell Division

Budding Multipolar
Fission Absent

Filamentous Growth

Pseudomycelium Absent
Pseudomycelium Branch N/A
Pseudomycelium Form N/A
Blastospores N/A
Blastospore Shape N/A
Blastospore Location N/A
Blastospore Habit N/A
True Mycelium Absent
Clamp Connections Absent

Asexual Spores

Ballistospores Absent
Arthrospores Absent
Endospores Absent
Chlamydospores Absent

Sexual Spores

Ascospores Absent
Ascospore Shape N/A
Ascospore Wall N/A
Ascospore No Per Ascus N/A
Ascus Shape N/A
Conjugation Absent
Teliospores Absent
Teliospore Shape N/A

Miscellaneous

Assay Unknown
Salt Tolerant Unknown
Killer Unknown
Plasmid Unknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

Glucose +
Galactose -
Sucrose -
Maltose -
Cellobiose -
Trehalose -
Lactose -
Melibiose -
Raffinose -
Melizitose -
Inulin Unknown
Soluble Starch Unknown
Xylose Unknown
A M D Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

NH4 2SO4 Unknown
KNO3 +
Ethylamine Unknown
Cadaverine Unknown
Lysine Unknown

Other

Vitamin Free Growth Unknown
Cyclohex 100ppm Unknown
Cyclohex 1000ppm Unknown
50% Glucose Growth Unknown
60% Glucose Growth Unknown
Lipolytic -
Acid Production Unknown
37c Growth Unknown
40c Growth Unknown
Arbutin Hydrolysis -
Urease Activity Unknown
Starch Production -
Acid Tolerant Unknown