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NCYC 601

Candida parapsilosis

Pre 2011 Name Candida parapsilosis

Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 22019, CBS 604, CCRC 20515, DBVPG 6150, DSM 5784, IFO 1396, IGC 2545, JCM 1785, KCTC 7653, NRRL Y-12969, UCD 61-27

Depositor CBS

Deposit Date May 1960

Habitat Case of sprue in Man, Puerto Rico.

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Candida parapsilosis

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

Glucose +
Galactose +
Sorbose Weak/Latent
Sucrose +
Maltose +
Cellobiose -
Trehalose Weak/Latent
Lactose -
Melibiose -
Raffinose -
Melizitose +
Inulin -
Soluble Starch -
Xylose +
L Arabinose +
D Arabinose -
Ribose -
Rhamnose -
Ethanol Unknown
Glycerol +
Erythritol -
Ribitol +
Galactitol Unknown
Mannitol +
Sorbitol +
A M D Glucoside Unknown
Salicin -
Lactic Acid Unknown
Succinic Acid Unknown
Citric Acid Unknown
Inositol -
Gluconolactone Unknown
Glucosamine Unknown
Methanol Unknown
Xylitol Unknown

Strain Information

Type Strain
Information Used for assay of itraconzaole.
Used for assay of ketoconazole.
Control strain for identification (Vazquez JA , et al.)
Degrades hydroxybenzoate.
Degrades phenol.
Produces (S)-1,3-butanediol dehydrogenase.
Produces lipase.
Used in susceptibility testing.
Depositor CBS
Deposit Name Candida parapsilosis
Month of deposit May
Deposit Year 1960
Habitat Case of sprue in Man, Puerto Rico.
Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 22019, CBS 604, CCRC 20515, DBVPG 6150, DSM 5784, IFO 1396, IGC 2545, JCM 1785, KCTC 7653, NRRL Y-12969, UCD 61-27
Reference Ashford BK . Certain conditions of the gastro-intestinal tract in Porto Rico and their relation to tropical sprue. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 8: 507-538, 1928.
Middelhoven, A.v.Leeuwenhoek 63: 125-144, 1993 (benzene catabolism).
Suzuki & Nakase, Microbiol.Cult.Coll. 14: 49-62, 1998 (cell-wall comp.,CoQ).
Stenderup & Bak, J.Gen.Microbiol. 52: 231-236, 1968 (GC).
Shin et al., J.Gen.Appl.Microbiol. 42: 481-491. 1996 (CoQ).
Middelhoven WJ , et al. Degradation of some phenols and hydroxybenzoates by the imperfect ascomycetous yeasts Candida parapsilosis and Arxula adeninivorans: evidence for an operative gentisate pathway. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 62: 181-187, 1992.
Rudek W . Esterase activity in Candida species. J. Clin. Microbiol. 8: 756-759, 1978.
Lott TJ , et al. Genomic heterogeneity in the yeast Candida parapsilosis. Curr. Genet. 23: 463-467, 1993.
Briand D , et al. Functioning and regioselectivity of the lipase of Candida parapsilosis (Ashford) Langeron and Talice in aqueous medium. New interpretation of regioselectivity taking acyl migration into account. Eur. J. Biochem. 228: 169-175, 1995.
Zeng S , et al. Random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of culture collection strains of Candida species. J. Med. Vet. Mycol. 34: 293-297, 1996.
Lott TJ , et al. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 5-8S rDNA and adjacent ITS2 region of Candida albicans and related species. Yeast 9: 1199-1206, 1993.
Vazquez JA , et al. Comparison of restriction enzyme analysis versus pulsed-field gradient gel electrophoresis as a typing system for Torulopsis glabrata and Candida species other than C. albicans. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 2021-2030, 1993.
Brenner DJ , et al. Multisite reproducibility of colorimetric broth microdilution method for antifungal susceptibility testing of yeast isolates. J. Clin. Microbiol. 32: 1625-1628, 1994.
Briand D , et al. Factors affecting the acyltransfer activity of the lipase from Candida parapsilosis in aqueous media. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 72: 1367-1373, 1995.
Pfaller MA , et al. Selection of candidate quality control isolates and tentative quality control ranges for in vitro susceptibility testing of yeast isolates by National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards proposed standard methods. J. Clin. Microbiol. 32: 1650-1653, 1994.
Lin D , et al. Three distinct genotypes within Candida parapsilosis from clinical sources. J. Clin. Microbiol. 33: 1815-1821, 1995.
Yamamoto H , et al. Purification and characterization of (S)-1,3-butanediol dehydrogenase from Candida parapsilosis. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 59: 1769-1770, 1995.
Rex JH , et al. Quality control guidelines for National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards--recommended broth macrodilution testing of ketoconazole and itraconazole. J. Clin. Microbiol. 34: 816-817, 1996.
NCCLS. Reference method for broth dilution antifungal susceptibility testing of yeasts; approved standard. Wayne, PA: NCCLS; NCCLS M27-A, 1997.
Nebohacova M , et al. Isolation and expression of the gene encoding mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier (AAC) from the pathogenic yeast Candida parapsilosis. Yeast 15: 1237-1242, 1999.
Barns SM , et al. Evolutionary relationships among pathogenic Candida species and relatives. J. Bacteriol. 173: 2250-2255, 1991.

Physical Characteristics

Optimum Temperature Unknown
Miniumum Temperature Unknown
Maximum Temperature Unknown

Cells

Shape Elongated
Min Broth Breadth (µm) 3
Max Broth Breadth (µm) 6
Min Broth Length (µm) 5
Max Broth Length (µm) 14
Min Agar Breadth (µm) 2
Max Agar Breadth (µm) 7
Min Agar Length (µm) 4
Max Agar Length (µm) 9
Arrangement Chains
Colour on Agar Cream
Surface on Agar Shiny
Texture on Agar Wrinkled
Deposit in Broth Flocculent
Ring in Broth Absent
Ring Colour Unknown
Pellicle in Broth Absent
Pellicle Appearance N/A
Pellicle Habit N/A

Cell Division

Budding Multipolar
Fission Absent

Filamentous Growth

Pseudomycelium Well formed
Pseudomycelium Branch Irregularly branched
Pseudomycelium Form Mycotorula
Blastospores Few
Blastospore Shape Unknown
Blastospore Location Unknown
Blastospore Habit Unknown
True Mycelium Absent
Clamp Connections Absent

Asexual Spores

Ballistospores Absent
Arthrospores Absent
Endospores Absent
Chlamydospores Absent

Sexual Spores

Ascospores Absent
Ascospore Shape N/A
Ascospore Wall N/A
Ascospore No Per Ascus N/A
Ascus Shape N/A
Conjugation Absent
Teliospores Absent
Teliospore Shape N/A

Miscellaneous

Assay Unknown
Salt Tolerant Unknown
Killer Unknown
Plasmid Unknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

Glucose +
Galactose Unknown
Sucrose Weak/Latent
Maltose -
Cellobiose -
Trehalose -
Lactose -
Melibiose -
Raffinose -
Melizitose Unknown
Inulin Unknown
Soluble Starch Unknown
Xylose Unknown
A M D Glucoside Unknown

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

NH4 2SO4 +
KNO3 -
Ethylamine +
Cadaverine Unknown
Lysine Unknown

Other

Vitamin Free Growth Unknown
Cyclohex 100ppm Unknown
Cyclohex 1000ppm Unknown
50% Glucose Growth Unknown
60% Glucose Growth Unknown
Lipolytic Unknown
Acid Production Unknown
37c Growth Unknown
40c Growth Unknown
Arbutin Hydrolysis -
Urease Activity Unknown
Starch Production -
Acid Tolerant Unknown