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Kluyveromyces marxianus

Pre 2011 Name Candida kefyr

Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 4135, CBS 607, DBVPG 6161, JCM 3760.

Depositor A. Castellani

Deposit Date Unknown 0

Habitat Sputum in case of bronchomoniliasis, Sri Lanka.

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Kluyveromyces marxianus

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

Glucose +
Galactose +
Sorbose -
Sucrose +
Maltose Weak/Latent
Cellobiose +
Trehalose -
Lactose +
Melibiose -
Raffinose +
Melizitose -
Inulin +
Soluble Starch -
Xylose +
L Arabinose +
D Arabinose -
Ribose +
Rhamnose -
Ethanol Unknown
Glycerol +
Erythritol -
Ribitol Weak/Latent
Galactitol Unknown
Mannitol Weak/Latent
Sorbitol Weak/Latent
A M D Glucoside Unknown
Salicin +
Lactic Acid Unknown
Succinic Acid Unknown
Citric Acid Unknown
Inositol -
Gluconolactone Unknown
Glucosamine Unknown
Methanol Unknown
Xylitol Unknown

Strain Information

Information T of Endomyces pseudotropicalis, Castellani.
Control strain for typing systems (Vazquez JA, et al, 1993).
Bacterial resistance testing (ASTM Standard Test Method D 4783-01e1).
Fungus resistance testing adhesives (ASTM Standard Test Method D 4783-01e1).
Depositor A. Castellani
Deposit Name Candida pseudotropicalis
Month of deposit Unknown
Deposit Year 0
Habitat Sputum in case of bronchomoniliasis, Sri Lanka.
Equivalent Strain Designations ATCC 4135, CBS 607, DBVPG 6161, JCM 3760.
Reference Rudek W. Esterase activity in Candida species. J. Clin. Microbiol. 8: 756-759, 1978.
Castellani A. Observations on fungi of the genus Endomyces affecting man in the tropics. Centralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. I Abt. 58: 236-238, 1911.
Vazquez JA, et al. Comparison of restriction enzyme analysis versus pulsed-field gradient gel electrophoresis as a typing system for Torulopsis glabrata and Candida species other than C. albicans. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 2021-2030, 1993.
ASTM International. Standard Test Methods for Resistance of Adhesive Preparations in Container to Attack by Bacteria, Yeast, and Fungi. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International; ASTM Standard Test Method D 4783-01e1.
Thanos M, et al. Rapid identification of Candida species by DNA fingerprinting with PCR. J. Clin. Microbiol. 34: 615-621, 1996.

Physical Characteristics

Optimum Temperature Unknown
Miniumum Temperature Unknown
Maximum Temperature Unknown


Shape Long-oval
Min Broth Breadth (µm) 3
Max Broth Breadth (µm) 3
Min Broth Length (µm) 4
Max Broth Length (µm) 12
Min Agar Breadth (µm) 2
Max Agar Breadth (µm) 6
Min Agar Length (µm) 2
Max Agar Length (µm) 12
Arrangement Single
Colour on Agar Cream
Surface on Agar Shiny
Texture on Agar Smooth
Deposit in Broth Flocculent
Ring in Broth Absent
Ring Colour Unknown
Pellicle in Broth Absent
Pellicle Appearance N/A
Pellicle Habit N/A

Cell Division

Budding Multipolar
Fission Absent

Filamentous Growth

Pseudomycelium Ill formed
Pseudomycelium Branch Irregularly branched
Pseudomycelium Form Unknown
Blastospores Absent
Blastospore Shape N/A
Blastospore Location N/A
Blastospore Habit N/A
True Mycelium Absent
Clamp Connections Absent

Asexual Spores

Ballistospores Absent
Arthrospores Absent
Endospores Absent
Chlamydospores Absent

Sexual Spores

Ascospores Absent
Ascospore Shape N/A
Ascospore Wall N/A
Ascospore No Per Ascus N/A
Ascus Shape N/A
Conjugation Absent
Teliospores Absent
Teliospore Shape N/A


Assay Unknown
Salt Tolerant Unknown
Killer No
Plasmid Unknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

Glucose +
Galactose +
Sucrose +
Maltose -
Cellobiose -
Trehalose -
Lactose +
Melibiose -
Raffinose +
Melizitose Unknown
Inulin Unknown
Soluble Starch Unknown
Xylose Unknown
A M D Glucoside Unknown

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

NH4 2SO4 +
KNO3 -
Ethylamine +
Cadaverine Unknown
Lysine Unknown


Vitamin Free Growth Unknown
Cyclohex 100ppm Unknown
Cyclohex 1000ppm Unknown
50% Glucose Growth Unknown
60% Glucose Growth Unknown
Lipolytic -
Acid Production Unknown
37c Growth Unknown
40c Growth Unknown
Arbutin Hydrolysis Weak/Latent
Urease Activity Unknown
Starch Production -
Acid Tolerant Unknown